Venkatraman Ramakrishnan is a structural biologist at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. He was honoured alongside Thomas Steitz and Ada Yonath for their work on ribosome, which has been crucial in the development of new anti-biotics, says The Royal Swedish Academy. The ribosome 'reads' DNA and translates the code to make the body's tens of thousands of different proteins, thus building and controlling life at the chemical level.
The researchers used a method called X-ray crystallography to pinpoint the position of hundreds of thousands of atoms that make up the ribosome.
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