Hösten har kommit med besked nu och det är minusgrader varenda natt. I veckan som gick kom det t o m några snöflingor en dag och vinterjacka, mössa, halsduk och handskar har kommit fram. Senare idag ska jag klippa håret och det känns dumt nu när man har nytta av långt hår men så är det när man planerar dåligt.
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Venkatraman Ramakrishnan is a structural biologist at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. He was honoured alongside Thomas Steitz and Ada Yonath for their work on ribosome, which has been crucial in the development of new anti-biotics, says The Royal Swedish Academy. The ribosome 'reads' DNA and translates the code to make the body's tens of thousands of different proteins, thus building and controlling life at the chemical level.
The researchers used a method called X-ray crystallography to pinpoint the position of hundreds of thousands of atoms that make up the ribosome.
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In 1966, Charles Kao made a discovery that led to a breakthrough in fiber optics. He carefully calculated how to transmit light over long distances via optical glass fibers. With a fiber of purest glass it would be possible to transmit light signals over 100 kilometers, compared to only 20 meters for the fibers available in the 1960s. Today's telephony and computer technology is very much based on this discovery, as fiber optics became the bread and butter for surface base broadband commuications.
In 1969 Willard Boyle and George Smith invented the first successful imaging technology using a digital sensor, a CCD (Charge-Coupled Device). Digital photography has become an irreplaceable tool in many fields since and the invention can today be found in digital cameras and space technology.
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The three scientists have solved a major problem in biology: how the chromosomes can be copied in a complete way during cell divisions and how they are protected against degradation. They have shown that the solution is to be found in the ends of the chromosomes the telomeres — and in an enzyme that forms them — telomerase.
The long, threadlike DNA molecules that carry our genes are packed into chromosomes, the telomeres being the caps on their ends. Elizabeth Blackburn and Jack Szostak discovered that a unique DNA sequence in the telomeres protects the chromosomes from degradation. Carol Greider and Blackburn identified telomerase, the enzyme that makes telomere DNA. These discoveries explained how the ends of the chromosomes are protected by the telomeres and that they are built by telomerase.
If the telomeres are shortened, cells age. Conversely, if telomerase activity is high, telomere length is maintained, and cellular senescence is delayed. This is the case in cancer cells, which can be considered to have eternal life. Certain inherited diseases, in contrast, are characterized by a defective telomerase, resulting in damaged cells. The award of the Nobel Prize recognizes the discovery of a fundamental mechanism in the cell, a discovery that has stimulated the development of new therapeutic strategies.
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Champions League continue this week with one or two upsets. For me and my fantasy team it went better then matchday 1. More points scored, better then average and gaining a few thousand points in the overall table. My heart tells me to put Ibrahimovic as my captain but for some reason he has problem scoring in CL, it was the same last year. Maybe I should change to Luis Fabiano instead, he seams to be going like a clock work. I manage to do some good transfers and that's good too. Hopefully, matchday 3 will continue that way - we will know more about that in two weeks or so.
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William went 5 months the other day and Katharina started school. So much happening this autumn. September so far has been a lovely month with nice and resonably warm weather considering the season. I hope it stays like that.
Now I will take a rest until somebody wants to play with daddy again :)
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Like last year I entered a team into UEFA Fantasy Football competition and got an ok start. Not as good as last year when I scored 54 points but 42 is still not bad, and all my players scored points so I'm looking forward to the next round in two weeks.
Speaking of autumn, one can tell the summer is gone for this time now. It's colder outside, the trees are getting more and more yellow and the mornings are no more sunny. But the summer of 2009 was great and I feel refreshed for the autumn and winter to come. I think it will be a nice autumn as well, at least I hope so.
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The repair mission added a new camera to the orbiting telescope. The new wide field camera 3 replaces the wide field camera 2. The new camera covers the visible spectrum and some of the near ultraviolet and infrared fields.
"With these two channels, WFC3 will achieve excellent panchromatic (full - spectrum) imaging. Stellar objects are not just in the visible spectrum, but also exist in the blue (near-UV) and red (near-IR) extremes. WFC3 was designed to study light in these regions of the spectrum better than Hubble's current capabilities."
Below are a few of the pictures that Hubble has sent back and they show some remarkable events occurring in Space.
"What resemble dainty butterfly wings are actually roiling cauldrons of gas heated to more than 20 000 degrees Celcius. The gas is tearing across space at more than 1 000 000 kilometers an hour -- fast enough to travel from Earth to the moon in 24 minutes!"
"The image reveals a small region inside the massive globular cluster Omega Centauri, which boasts nearly 10 million stars. Globular clusters, ancient swarms of stars united by gravity, are the homesteaders of our Milky Way galaxy. The stars in Omega Centauri are between 10 billion and 12 billion years old. The cluster lies about 16,000 light-years from Earth."
"This image of barred spiral galaxy NGC 6217 is the first image of a celestial object taken with the new WFC3 camera.
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Features of the Nespresso CitiZ Espresso Machine include:
* Ultra-slim profile perfect for compact spaces.
* 19-bar high-pressure pump for quick, consistent extraction.
* No-mess Nespresso capsule system for perfect flavor every time.
* Cup stand folds to accommodate various mugs and glasses.
* A wide range of coffee varieties to choose from.
* Chrome accents.
* Large and easy-to-hold removable 34-ounce water reservoir.
* Easy capsule insertion and ejection.
* Simple push-button interface, programmable for custom espresso and lungo.
* Automatic power-save mode reduces energy consumption.
If I find one of those in the shop I'll buy it!
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Så hände då det oundvikliga - mina ledigheter tog slut och jag måste tillbaka till arbetet. Men jag hade en fin sommar, ledig i juni och augusti och när jag jobbade i juli var alla andra lediga. Nu kommer hösten med nya erfarenheter, en blir att vi blir utsourcade någonstans och jag hoppas allt kommer att gå bra med det.
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